Ludger Custom Glycan Analysis Services

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Glycan Analysis Services

Role and importance of glycosylation

Protein glycosylation can play an important role in bioactivity, stability, biological half-life and immunogenicity of a biopharmaceutical. Glycosylation is a post-translational modification and, unlike transcription, is a non-template-driven enzymatic modification process, so glycosylation can change with alterations to production conditions. Glycosylation can have a significant effect on the clinical safety and efficacy of biopharmaceuticals. Issues with glycans have caused great financial, legal and regulatory problems for those companies who have not dealt effectively with their product's glycosylation.

Analysis of glycosylation is important not only in biopharmaceutical research but also in clinical and biological research where changes in glycosylation have been associated with many states of health and disease providing prognostic and diagnostic information.

Sample types

Ludger has over 20 years of expertise with analysing glycosylation (including N- and O- glycosylation) from a variety of sample types including:

Ludger Glycan Analysis - Sample type: Biopharmaceuticals

Biopharmaceuticals: monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), glycoprotein hormones (e.g. follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and erythropoietin (EPO), Fc fusion proteins, vaccines

Ludger Glycan Analysis - Sample type: Cells

Cells: mammalian cell lines, bacterial cell components

Ludger Glycan Analysis - Sample type: Biological fluids, tissues and others

Biological fluids, tissues and others

Ludger Glycan Analysis - Sample type: COVID-19 patient samples

COVID-19 patient samples (e.g. plasma, tissues)

Ludger Glycan Analysis - Sample type: SARS-CoV-2 infected cell lines

SARS-CoV-2 infected cell lines

Ludger has been offering custom analytical services to suit your individual requirements since 1999.

We listen and respond with dedicated tailored solutions. Our data and customised reports are used:

  • in QbD studies and early stages of drug development
  • in process optimisation and production scale-up
  • in comparability studies (biosimilars, biobetters)
  • to support regulatory submissions
  • for lot release of drug batches during biomanufacturing
  • in research & method development

Our philosophy is to work with you in a partnership to ensure successful delivery of the information you need.

Regulatory requirements & Ludger's approach

EMA guideline on development, production, characterisation and specification for monoclonal antibodies and related products states:

"The carbohydrate content (neutral sugars, amino sugars and sialic acids) should be determined. In addition, the structure of the carbohydrate chains, the oligosaccharide pattern (antennary profile), the glycosylation site(s) and occupancy should be analysed.

Typically, monoclonal antibodies have one N-glycosylation site on each heavy chain located in the Fc region. The light chain is usually not glycosylated. However, additional glycosylation site(s) in the heavy chains may occur, and thus their presence or absence should be confirmed. Glycan structures should be characterised, and particular attention should be paid to their degree of mannosylation, galactosylation, fucosylation and sialylation. The distribution of the main glycan structures present (often G0, G1 and G2) should be determined.

Higher-order structure of the monoclonal antibody should be characterised by appropriate physicochemical methodologies."

ICH Q6B guideline states:

"For glycoproteins, the carbohydrate content (neutral sugars, amino sugars, and sialic acids) is determined. In addition, the structure of the carbohydrate chains, the oligosaccharide pattern (antennary profile), and the glycosylation site(s) of the polypeptide chain are analyzed, to the extent possible."

At Ludger we use a systematic approach aligned with current regulatory guidelines to support drug developers and researchers. Our system has three broad steps:

  1. Specification of Glycosylation Critical Quality Attributes (GCQAs) (i.e. those glycosylation parameters that most influence the drug product's safety and efficacy profiles).
  2. Implementation of appropriate, affordable glycoprofiling modules to measure the GCQAs throughout the drug's life cycle.
  3. Interpretation of the glycoprofiling data and taking appropriate action if the product falls out of specification (OOS) or trends towards OOS.
Regulatory requirements Ludger Glycan Analysis Services
Quantitative Monosaccharide Analysis
Quantitative Sialic Acid Analysis
Glycan Profiling Analysis
Glycan Antennary Profiling Analysis
Linkage Analysis
Detailed Glycan Characterisation
Glycosylation Site Analysis
GCQAs Ludger Glycan Analysis Services
Degree of Mannosylation
Degree of Galactosylation
Distribution of G0, G1 and G2
Degree of Fucosylation
Degree of Sialylation/Charge distribution
Human vs. Non-Human Sialic Acids
Detection and Relative Quantitation of N-glcayns Containing the Galα1-3Gal Epitope
Compliance documentation for GMP

Ludger's glycoprofiling programmes:

Hover over each module to zoom (or pinch to zoom on touch devices), and click for more information/to visit webpages for each module.

Ludger Glycan Analysis - Profiling and Characterisation
Ludger Glycan Analysis - Quantitative Monosaccharide Analysis Ludger Glycan Analysis - Quantitative Sialic Acid Analysis
Ludger Glycan Analysis - Level 1 - HILIC glycan profiling Ludger Glycan Analysis - Level 1 - WAX glycan profiling Ludger Glycan Analysis - Level 1 - MALDI glycan profiling
Ludger Glycan Analysis - Level 2 - HILIC glycan charactersiation Ludger Glycan Analysis - Level 2 - WAX glycan charactersiation Ludger Glycan Analysis - Level 2 - LC MS/MS glycan charactersiation
Ludger Glycan Analysis - Level 3 - Site Occupancy Analysis Ludger Glycan Analysis - Level 3 - Site Specific Glycosylation Analysis

Ludger works closely with clients to design and execute appropriate glycoprofiling programmes and can work up to GMP standard. Ludger can perform these analyses for you and/or transfer and validate these optimised glycoprofiling methods to your laboratories.

  • Ludger Brochure - Glycan Analysis Services

    Glycan Analysis Services Brochure

    An overview of the innovative technologies being used within Glycan Analysis Services to analyse glycosylation of complex glycoproteins and details on how you can fast-track your glycan analysis workflows. Click on the brochure to either download or share it.


Glycan Analysis Services

Dr. Radoslaw P. Kozak

Dr. Radoslaw Kozak
Head of Glycoprofiling

Please enquire for more details or a quote,
and if you wish to set up a confidentiality agreement
please contact Dr Radoslaw Kozak, Head of Glycoprofiling directly to arrange this.